Installing Laravel and Creating first Laravel Application

By  ShC    1 - 05 January, 23
Installing Laravel and Creating First Laravel application

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Laravel is a popular PHP framework for building web applications. It is known for its elegant syntax and tools that make it easy to develop robust, scalable applications. In this article, we will walk through the steps for creating your first Laravel application.

Learn more about Laravel on this article. Laravel PHP Framework and its features.

Installing Laravel

To install Laravel, you will need to have PHP and a web server (such as Apache or Nginx) installed on your machine. You will also need to have Composer, the PHP dependency manager, installed.

Once you have all of these dependencies installed, open a terminal and run the following command to install Laravel:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel myapp

Configure your Database

Laravel uses Eloquent, an object-relational mapper (ORM), to interact with databases. Before you can use Eloquent, you will need to configure your database connection details in the .env file located in the root of your project.

Open the .env file and look for the following lines:

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=homestead
DB_USERNAME=homestead
DB_PASSWORD=secret

Update these lines with your own database connection details. For example, if you are using a MySQL database, you would need to specify the hostname, port, database name, username, and password.

Create a Model and Controller

In Laravel, a model represents a database table and is used to interact with that table. A controller is a class that handles HTTP requests and is responsible for defining the logic for your application.

To create a model and a controller, you can use the artisan command-line tool. For example, to create a model called "Task" and a controller called "TaskController", you can run the following command:

php artisan make:model Task -mc

This will create a Task model class in the app directory and a TaskController class in the app/Http/Controllers directory.

Define Routes and Views

In Laravel, routes are used to define the URL patterns for your application and the corresponding controller actions that should be executed when a request is made to those URLs.

To define a route, open the routes/web.php file and use the Route facade to define your routes. For example, to define a route that displays a list of tasks, you could use the following code:

Route::get('/tasks', '[email protected]');

This defines a GET route at the "/tasks" URL and specifies that the index method of the TaskController should be executed when a request is made to that URL.

To create a view for this route, you can create a new Blade template in the resources/views directory. For example, you could create a file called tasks.blade.php and use Blade syntax to display a list of tasks.

Test your first Laravel Application

Now that you have created a model, controller, and view, you can test your application by starting the development server and making a request to your application's URL. To start the development server, run the following command in your terminal:

php artisan serve

This will start the laravel development server and run your application.